Hinduism – As A Religion- Principles and belief
Hinduism – As A Religion- Principles and belief

By Ajay Swamy
Hinduism is recognized as a religion older than any religion existing on this planet. It is referred as Sanatana dharma (The oldest dharma) followed till date. Hinduism is an organized religion in itself with very systematic approach, vision and purpose of deeds. Hinduism has a strong human-god connectivity system compared to any other religion.

Unlike other religions Hindus are always at liberty of worshipping god throughout the week, there is no specific weekday for gatherings or prayers. Every day of the week is considered auspicious and rituals are done in every temple – 365 days long. Hindus religious practices might differ a bit based on community, caste, regional and deity specific influences but overall principles are rituals are followed and based out of the sacred scriptures called Vedas.

Around 2 billion Hindu devotees and believers across the globe follow Hindu rituals based on their ancestral interpretation, though not much deviation from the rest of the world. Hinduism is regarded as the most ancient, realistic, true religion even after undergoing severe attacks from other religions and cultures since ages. Ramayana, Mahabharat, Bhagavad Gita have slight variations across the world, but the key details on Karma, Dharma and righteous principles in all the holly books are the same and hold strong in Hindus day to day life.
Some key beliefs shared among Hindus

  • Body is mortal but the soul is immortal.
Hindus strongly believes that body has death not the athman (soul) which lives even after death and takes another body to live. Athma or soul is neither created nor destroyed, once dead the soul will take a new born body based on its deeds and consequences in earlier birth.

Hindus believes that life and death are inevitable until the soul attains mosksha (final liberation)

  • Karma and its consequences.
Hindus believe about karma (deeds). Bad karma gives bad results, good karma gives good results. The consequences we face in our life are the results of the work/deed we did in this life or our earlier birth.
Karma is a boomerang, what you give; you will get it back for sure. Good karma helps you to liberate your soul and reach moksha.

  • The God is omnipresent.
Hindus relics and sentiments are based on the ideology that God is omnipresent. The God who created the whole universe, glaxay, stars, humans, every beauty in this nature is also present in every bit of the universe. Carrying this belief, Hindus tend to treat every living creature to be precious and every human being to be another form of God.

Every atom carries the magnificence of the creator hence to be treated with same respect and love as if the creator is present in every bit of it. Hindu relics, scriptures and transcripts support this stating the God made humans in his/her form.

  • Dharma is the path to follow.
Understanding the concept of dharma helps you understand the real essence of Hindu faith and belief. Unfortunately, no single English word adequately covers its meaning. Dharma can be described as right conduct, righteousness, moral law and duty.

“ Dharmao rakshithe rakshithaha “

Anyone who follows dharma will be protected by dharma. One should follow dharma and strive to do what is right at every steop of his life. Unless you read the scriptures it’s a bit tough to understand how dharma varies from situation to situation.

  • Bhagavad Gita – Explains every question of life.
Bhagavad Gita seems to have every solution for humanly problems, issues and concerns. Gita explains in-depth of karma, dharma and moksha. Unfortunately the experience of reading gita cannot be explained in words, one has to experience it. Lord sree Krishna explains Arjuna about the principles of life.

Just to add an example of the Gita, here is a small verse which depicts the life and death.

“ jatasya hi dhruvo mrityur
dhruvam janma mrtasya caa
tasmad apariharye ’rthe
na tvam socitum arhasi “

On Translation: "One who has taken his birth is sure to die, and after death one is sure to take birth again. Therefore, in the unavoidable discharge of your duty, you should not lament.

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